Kobayashi Yasuhiko: A Retrospective Exhibition (12)

Kōmyōsan Jun’inji or Kyūdera (Aichi Prefecture) Moxibustion (kyū) and traditional Chinese medicine for the mentally ill has been practiced at Kōmyōsan Jun’inji (Jun’in Temple) or Kyūdera (moxibustion temple) in Haguri, Mikawa Province, (now… Continue reading

Waterfall Practice for the Mentally Ill

Shugendo is a style of worship of gods in a mountain or of the mountain itself as a god. Shugendo is said to have achieved the form of an organized religion by the… Continue reading

Kobayashi Yasuhiko: A Retrospective Exhibition (11)

Iwakura and Daiunji (Kyoto Prefecture) Legend has it that Emperor Gosanjō (r. 1068-1072) succeeded in healing the mental illness of his daughter by confining her in Daiunji (Dauin Temple) in Iwakura, Kyoto, drinking… Continue reading

Kobayashi Yasuhiko: A Retrospective Exhibition (10)

Daizenbō and Minobusan Kudokukai (Yamanashi Prefecture) Minobusan Kudokukai was established in 1906 at Daizenbō, a lodging temple for pilgrims visiting Minobusan Kuonji (Kuon Temple), the head temple of the Nichiren sect of Buddhism.… Continue reading

Kobayashi Yasuhiko: A Retrospective Exhibition (9)

Tettōzan Tenjōji and Yamamoto Kyūgosho (Gifu Prefecture) It is said that a psychiatric institution was established in the grounds of Tenjōji (Tenjō Temple) at Miyashiro Village (now Tarui chō) in 1840 (or 1863).… Continue reading

Kobayashi Yasuhiko: A Retrospective Exhibition (8)

Okufudōji (Nara Prefecture) Okufudōji (Okufudō Temple) stands in Makimukuyama (Mount Makimuku). The temple is listed as a psychiatric institution in Kan Osamu’s 1937 article “Research on the Mentally Ill and Deviant in Japan,”… Continue reading

Kobayashi Yasuhiko: A Retrospective Exhibition (7)

Sentakisan Ryūfukuji and Iwai Falls (Chiba Prefecture)  There is a wealth of literature about Iwai Falls, which belongs to Ryūfukuji (RyūfukuTemple) located in the eastern area of Chiba Prefecture. For example, Satō Ichizō,… Continue reading

Kobayashi Yasuhiko: A Retrospective Exhibition (6)

Seishin Byōsha Hoyōjoin Kanazawa (Ishikawa Prefecture) Kobayashi had a strong interest in seishin byōsha hoyōjo (literally “health resort for the mentally ill”). They were small psychiatric institutions with a free and homely atmosphere… Continue reading

“Shitaku kanchi” or home custody of mental patients in Japan

The control of mental patients in modern Japan was regulated by the Mental Patients’ Custody Act of 1900. This system depended greatly on Japan’s family system. In order to put the patient in… Continue reading

Kobayashi Yasuhiko: A Retrospective Exhibition (5)

Saginoyu Seishinbyōin (Shimane Prefecture) Saginoyu Seishinbyōin was established in 1911 in Iinashi Village (it now belongs to Yashugi City) by Nakahara Kiyoshi. After he worked at Sugamo Hospital in Tokyo, he returned to… Continue reading